The key to living healthy aging basically goes through four points:
-Stay physically active. You don’t have to go to the gym to mark and define muscles. It’s just a matter of maintaining moderately vigorous activity. To be able to be three or four days a week, on a regular basis, about an hour.
To achieve this goal, a trick. And it is the second point.
-Maintain a minimum socialization activity. Relating to others, forcing ourselves to do so, supposes, on the one hand, forcing us to perform a certain physical activity. Because meeting people is synonymous, or should be, of leaving home. In other words, we already force ourselves to perform an exercise.
In addition, by maintaining contact with others we exercise our brain and keep it awake.
-The third element lies in Maintaining healthy orderly nutrition. And this does not mean to go on a diet, but to eat the right foods in the right proportion.
Most of us will be able to eat everything without excesses and only in case of suffering from certain diseases – such as diabetes – limit the intake of some foods that contain, for example, excess fat.
-Fourth, avoid toxic habits, and this mainly includes tobacco. Tobacco is bad at any age. Even at 90.
The impact of smoking on cardiovascular disease or on the development of a certain type of cancer is a long-term effect. On the other hand, on respiratory activity, it has very rapid effects, just as the benefit is very fast if we leave it.
When you quit smoking, the first thing you notice is that respiratory function, which is essential as you age, improves almost immediately. And unpleasant phlegm and coughs decrease.
Eliminating the barriers in the environment should be an important point since they represent the prelude to dependency. That is why it is important to know the environment in which each person develops his life. Increasing functional autonomy means reducing the difficulties of the environment and that is only approached from a transversal specialty such as Geriatrics.
-And the last recommendation would be to put ourselves in the hands of the geriatrician to globally address the chronic diseases of aging: diabetes, heart failure, ischemic heart disease, osteoarthritis, chronic bronchitis, cognitive impairment, and affective disorders. They, especially when they appear grouped, are the best buddies, together with a sedentary lifestyle, of aging to produce disability.
This is the corollary, and not the least important: from the ’70s to go to a geriatrician’s office, even if we feel fine. We will be laying the foundations of a healthy and enjoyable old age.